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  • Writer's pictureLAWGIC STRATUM

RERA Act 2016

Author: Shriya Bhatkhande

“What is a risk assessment if it is not an exercise in imagination?” – Rob Long


The Real Estate businesses were certainly unbalanced. It was absolutely in the favour of the builders. The home buyers faced hassle handling with the real estate propositions and guidelines. There was a shortfall of clarity in the businesses of real estate. To rule out this one-sided deal, the government reached an initiative and introduced its version which bestowed fair deals allying the clients and suppliers in the primary market.

RERA is the abbreviation used for the Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, an act passed by the Rajya Sabha on 10th March 2016, Lok Sabha on 15th March 2016 and came into use wholly from 1st May 2016.[1] Maharashtra was the first state to set up its Real Estate Regulatory Authority. The Act looks after safeguarding home-purchasers and promoting investments in the real-estate industry by delivering productivity and clarity in the sales and purchases. The RERA Act has been regulated in every state which has mediated the primary purpose of delivering transparency, liability, financial control, rapid disagreement settlements and protecting house purchasers by setting up a positive ecosystem.[2]

Need for the RERA

Real estate division had prevailed unregulated with issues in valuation, delays in the project and construction quality. The setbacks in projects had been a notable point afflicting the real estate sector leading to great cost overruns. There are plentiful examples where builders misled estate buyers with no resentment reparation. Also, there has been a colossal bearing of black money in the real estate sector.[3] Considering all these loopholes, there arise a need for law enforcement. The debut of RERA is a great deal for the Real Estate sector as it is one of the prominent funds making sector of our country which lacked clearness and a regulating authority to keep an eye on purchases administered by the builders.


The explicit purpose of the RERA Act is to strengthen transparency and liability in housing transactions, elevating national and overseas investment in the real estate domain, administering a homogeneous regulatory setting to assure immediate settlement of disputes, developing orderly advance through productive project implementation and evenness, citing single window approach of approval for real estate deals and ultimately entrusting the right of home buyers. It also aims to widen the reliability of the Sponsors, Real Estate brokers and promoters which would subsidize in ruling out the needless stoppage in the fulfillment and consignment of the projects. The RERA Act grants for installation of an Appellant System for grievance remedy and imposes the penalties and indictments for the unpaid debts.[4]


A myriad of things in the Real Estate Sector are now authorized by RERA. The RERA is pertinent to more than seventy-six thousand firms in our nation. All the contractors are obliged to record the projects with the Tribunal prior to the commencement of the projects. The registration decrees them to mention the schedules of the project and the target date for the achievement of the project and in case the target date is not met, the builders have to confront the forfeitures and criminal charges. The builder has to reimburse the client for the postponement in the project as well.[5]

While commencing a new project, 70% of the capital adorned by clients is to be deposited in an escrow account, so that the fund is not altered and is utilized in the deal for which it was sanctioned. The customer has the authority to inquire everything about the project and also to get hold of all the documentation. It encompasses all the new as well as ongoing projects including both the residential and commercial constructions. Real Estate brokers and representatives also fall into the bounds of this Act.[6]


  1. Builders often times make fanciful commitments about the completion date of the project, but seldom ever hand over. Hence, stringent supervision is imposed on builders for well-timed delivery of flats. If the builder fails to fulfill the commitment, he/she is obliged to repay the client with interest.

  2. Normally, builders sell flats on the ground of built-in space, which consists of stairs, a common passage, etc. which are 20 to 30% extra than the exact flat’s area. Not all clients are mindful of the concept of carpet area, so it is essential to indicate the actual carpet area.[7]

  3. During the construction phase, builders advertise their projects with varied facilities that will be a component of the project. But not all goes as said, with several features skipped. As per the Act, there should not be any shifts in the plan, and in case the law is breached, the builder is fined 10% of the project’s values or face lockup upto 3 years.

  4. Builders lift capital through pre-launch proposals and run them to invest in some other deals or land. The regulation of RERA made it mandatory that a separate bank account be managed for each project with keeping track of every transaction.

  5. The Act stipulated that the developer is obliged to provide after sales services within 5 years of purchasing the property to amend structural defects if found by the client, without added charge.[8]


RERA entered as a soothing air for the home buyers. With its implementation, RERA has been fruitful in devising a common floor profitable to the clients and the builders. The comprehensive perception of the real estate sector has sustained a positive switch. The presence of RERA is not only preserving the interests of the home buyers but also assisting the contractors due to the increased lucidity. At this moment the authority has to assure that the citizens are informed of their rights & duties under the Act by coordinating regular information drives and capacity building programs. RERA authorities have to form all potential attempts to examine if every disagreement is fixed within a definitive time frame. The victory of the Act would profoundly bet on the time-bound justice conveyance in all the discords.[9]

References: [1]RERA ACT [2]MahaRERA [3]Black Money in Real Estate Sector [4],to%20bring%20more%20transparency%20in%20the%20law%20structure. [5]RERA Guidelines [6]Escrow Account [7]Carpet Area [8]After sales services in Real Estate [9]Advantages of RERA Act,dissatisfied%20with%20the%20construction%20or%20if...%20More%20

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