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  • Writer's pictureLAWGIC STRATUM

Impacts of Human Activities on Biodiversity

Updated: Jan 6, 2021

Author: Shriya Bhatkhande

“If we pollute the air, water, and soil that keep us alive and well, and destroy the biodiversity that allows natural systems to function, no amount of money will save us.” - David Suzuki


Biodiversity is the shaft of the ecological communities to operate and mortals to mushroom. Notwithstanding, it is earnest as humans to comprehend the brunt we have on biodiversity because without it, there would be no human presence. If no variances are made in the manner humans practice resources on the planet, deterioration of biodiversity will abide as far as human lives can no longer be preserved. Humans disturb biodiversity by their populace counts, utilization of land, and their style of living, creating a loss of dwellings for species. Individuals must comprehend how their activities alter biodiversity and the seriousness of preserving what biodiversity is left on the earth. Through appropriate education, and by stipulating that authorities make agreements to protect biodiversity, the human population will be competent to assist life on earth longer.[1]


Biodiversity is the phrase that is given to outline the diversity of life on earth and the innate impressions it composes. It is the outcome of evolution, natural systems, and individual influence. Biodiversity involves the diversification of genes within a species, of species within environs, and of ecosystems in the biosphere.[2] Biodiversity is not ruled by only one factor, but rather many aspects that differ geographically and spatiotemporally.

Although many individuals may not perceive how crucial biodiversity is to them, it is unambiguous that without it life would not be able to endure. Each day humans use forty thousand species, most of which go utterly overlooked. Regardless of merely a few humans grasp, biodiversity equips humans with oxygen, water, food, energy, detoxification of waste, stabilization of earth’s atmospheric conditions, medication, moments for amusement and travel, and a lot more things. In short, there would be no society of humans without biodiversity.[3]

Human Actions

There is no specific way of resolving the full impact that mortals are making on biodiversity; however, it is evident that many activities by humans are inducing a contraction in biodiversity. To detect the total impact that humans are making on a given habitat, the area of valuable land, water required manufacturing the item that is being dominated, and the need to account for the waste being made by human kind must all be taken into consideration rendering to management and production processes in practice for the time being.[4]

Today, the world population uses circa 50 percent of livable land for agriculture. Universally, there is half a hectare of equatorial grove waning to farmland every moment. One of the probable perils of reducing the load of natural habitats enduring is that species will no longer be present on earth. It precisely upsets agriculture because many of the species that are being wiped out from croplands may have been practiced for genetically augmenting crop commodities. In this way, the surge in cropland ruins our agricultural prospect. l sedately register fifty to ninety percent of terrain in progressing countries. It is a consequence of the rising population and overconsumption of natural resources. The human population is the origin of the biodiversity issue. The number of humans on earth, as of October 2020, is at 7.8 billion. The hike in citizen generates an obstacle because it hits a demand to transform natural havens to land for personal utilization.

Humans are responsible for climate change, which in turn causes an immense threat to biodiversity. Climate change is due to the elevated atmospheric presence of carbon dioxide, which generates increased land and ocean temperatures, and changes in rainfall and water level rise. With the switch in climate also appears a change in species. The climate influences the timing of reproduction and diasporas, the span of growing seasons, species distributions and population volume, and the recurrence of contagion and pandemics. As foreseen, eighty percent of biologically prosperous provinces will go through a huge debt of plant and animal species because of global warming. The rate of change of habitats is expected to increase up to ten times due to global warming.


Biodiversity is a matter that involves the masses, and therefore everyone should be mindful of their aftermath on biodiversity. As biodiversity weakens on earth, so does the likelihood of human continuance. Hence, it is relevant to educate folks on living in symmetry with the environment. Also, it is remarkable to ensure that the government is making laws that will assure biodiversity hereafter and not centralize on myopic economics. If mortals become extinct, it will presumably be a consequence of their inherent action or inadequacy of action. Conceivably, humans will understand this before it is too late.


Also, Read [1] Secretariat, 2000 [2] Climate, 2005 [3] Eldredge, 2000 [4] Wackernagel et al., 2002

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